Kanem (känēmˈ) [key], former empire in Africa in the areas near Lake Chad that are now part of Chad and N Nigeria. The empire began in the 9th cent., when the Sefawa migrated to the area from the Sahara. The rulers eventually embraced Islam and extended their control to neighboring Bornu. After attacks by the Bulalas forced the rulers of Kanem to shift their capital to Bornu (c.1380), Bornu gradually emerged as the center of a revitalized empire of which Kanem became a protectorate.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Kanem from Fact Monster:

  • Darfur - Darfur Darfur , region and former sultanate, W Sudan. The region is mountainous, dominated by the ...
  • Encyclopedia: African History - Encyclopeadia articles concerning African History.
  • Nigeria: History - History Early History Little is known of the earliest history of Nigeria. By c.2000 B.C. most of ...
  • Chad - Information on Chad — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.
  • Chad: History - History Traditionally, the region around Lake Chad was a focal point for trans-Saharan trade ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: African History

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe