Kosala

Kosala (kōˈsələ) [key], ancient Indian kingdom, corresponding roughly in area with the region of Oudh. Its capital was Ayodhya. It was a powerful state in the 6th cent. B.C. but was weakened by a series of wars with the neighboring kingdom of Magadha and finally (4th cent. B.C.) absorbed by it. Kosala was the setting of much Sanskrit epic literature including the Ramayana. Buddha and Mahavira, founder of Jainism, taught in the kingdom.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Kosala from Fact Monster:

  • Oudh, historic region, India - Oudh Oudh , historic region of N central India, now part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Its early ...
  • Ayodhya - Ayodhya Ayodhya or Ajodhya, former town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It is ...
  • Encyclopedia: South Asian History - Encyclopeadia articles concerning South Asian History.
  • India: History - History The historical discussion that follows deals, until Indian independence, with the Indian ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: South Asian History