pharaoh (fârˈō) [key] [Heb., from Egyptian, = the great house], title of the kings of ancient Egypt. Of the pharaohs in the Bible, Shishak is Sheshonk I, Neco or Necoh is Necho, and Hophra is Apries. Many scholars believe that the pharaoh who oppressed the Jews in chapters 1–14 of the Book of Exodus was Seti I and that his son Ramses II was the pharaoh of the Exodus.
See also Dynasties of Ancient Egypt (table).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.