Plataea

Plataea (plətēˈə) [key], ancient city of Greece, in S Boeotia (now Voiotía), on the slope of Mt. Cithaeron (Kithairón). Plataea had voluntarily passed from Theban to Athenian protection before the Persian Wars and stood by Athens at Marathon (490 B.C.). In 479 B.C., Plataea was the scene of the decisive defeat of the Persians by the Greeks under Pausanias (with Aristides commanding the fleet). At the beginning of the Peloponnesian War, Thebes attacked (431) the city. It was besieged for two years (429–427), and then captured and sacked. It was subsequently rebuilt, razed (c.373) by the Thebans, and reconstructed by Alexander the Great.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Plataea from Fact Monster:

  • Thespiae - Thespiae Thespiae , ancient city of Greece, in S Boeotia, near Mt. Helicon (now Elikón) and ...
  • Boeotia - Boeotia Boeotia , region of ancient Greece. It lay N of Attica, Megaris, and the Gulf of Corinth. ...
  • Aristides - Aristides Aristides , d. c.468 B.C., Athenian statesman and general. He was one of the 10 generals ...
  • Mardonius - Mardonius Mardonius , d. 479 B.C., Persian general; son-in-law of Darius I. Darius sent him (492 ...
  • Callimachus, fl. 2d half of 5th cent. B.C., Greek sculptor from Athens - Callimachus Callimachus , fl. 2d half of 5th cent. B.C., Greek sculptor from Athens. He was famous ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Greece