Potidaea

Potidaea (pŏtĭdēˈə) [key], ancient city, NE Greece, at the narrowest point of the Pallene (now Kassándra) peninsula in Chalcidice (now Khalkidhikí). It was a Corinthian colony (c.600 B.C.) but joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. Potidaea revolted (432) against Athens with Corinthian help, providing one of the incitements to the Peloponnesian War. Athens recaptured (430 or 429) the city. Philip II of Macedon took (356) Potidaea and may have destroyed it in the ensuing war. Rebuilt by Cassander, the city was named Cassandreia.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Potidaea from Fact Monster:

  • Periander - Periander Periander , d. 585 B.C., one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece, tyrant of Corinth. His rule ...
  • Cassander - Cassander Cassander , 358–297 B.C., king of Macedon, one of the chief figures in the wars of ...
  • Khalkidhikí - Khalkidhikí Khalkidhikí or Chalcidice, peninsula (1991 pop. 92,117), NE Greece, ...
  • Olynthus - Olynthus Olynthus , ancient city of Greece, on the peninsula of Chalcidice (now ...
  • Cassandreia - Cassandreia Cassandreia, ancient Greece: see Potidaea.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Greece