in English history, the reestablishment of the monarchy on the accession (1660) of Charles II
after the collapse of the Commonwealth (see under commonwealth
) and the Protectorate
. The term is often used to refer to the entire period from 1660 to the fall of James II
in 1688, and in English literature the Restoration period (often called the age of Dryden) is commonly viewed as extending from 1660 to the death of John Dryden
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