Rulers of France since 987

Rulers of France since 987( including dates of reign )

The Capetians

Hugh Capet, 987–96
Robert II (the Pious), son of Hugh Capet, 996–1031
Henry I, son of Robert II, 1031–60
Philip I, son of Henry I, 1060–1108
Louis VI (the Fat), son of Philip I, 1108–37
Louis VII (the Young), son of Louis VI, 1137–80
Philip II (Augustus), son of Louis VII, 1180–1223
Louis VIII, son of Philip II, 1223–26
Louis IX (Saint Louis), son of Louis VIII, 1226–70
Philip III (the Bold), son of Louis IX, 1270–85
Philip IV (the Fair), son of Philip III, 1285–1314
Louis X (the Quarrelsome), son of Philip IV, 1314–16
John I (the Posthumous), son of Louis X, 1316
Philip V (the Tall), son of Philip IV, 1317–22
Charles IV (the Fair), son of Philip IV, 1322–28

House of Valois

Philip VI, grandson of Philip III, 1328–50
John II (the Good), son of Philip VI, 1350–64
Charles V (the Wise), son of John II, 1364–80
Charles VI (the Mad or the Well Beloved), son of Charles V, 1380–1422
Charles VII (the Victorious or the Well Served), son of Charles VI, 1422–61
Louis XI, son of Charles VII, 1461–83
Charles VIII, son of Louis XI, 1483–98
Louis XII, descendant of Charles V, 1498–1515
Francis I, cousin and son-in-law of Louis XII, 1515–47
Henry II, son of Francis I, 1547–59
Francis II, son of Henry II, 1559–60
Charles IX, son of Henry II, 1560–74
Henry III, son of Henry II, 1574–89

House of Bourbon

Henry IV (of Navarre), descendant of Louis IX, 1589–1610
Louis XIII, son of Henry IV, 1610–43
Louis XIV, son of Louis XIII, 1643–1715
Louis XV, great-grandson of Louis XIV, 1715–74
Louis XVI, grandson of Louis XV, 1774–92

The First Republic

The National Convention, 1792–95
The Directory, 1795–99
The Consulate (Napoleon Bonaparte, First Consul, 1802–4), 1799–1804

The First Empire

Napoleon I (Napoleon Bonaparte), 1804–15

Bourbon Restoration

Louis XVIII, grandson of Louis XV, 1814–24
Charles X, grandson of Louis XV, 1824–30

House of Bourbon-Orléans

Louis Philippe, descendant of Louis XIII, 1830–48

The Second Republic

Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, nephew of Napoleon I, president, 1848–52

The Second Empire

Napoleon III (Louis Napoleon Bonaparte), 1852–70

The Third Republic(presidents)

Louis Jules Trochu (provisional), 1870–71
Adolphe Thiers, 1871–73
Marie Edmé Patrice de MacMahon, 1873–79
Jules Grévy, 1879–87
Sadi Carnot, 1887–94
Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Périer, 1894–95
Félix Faure, 1895–99
Émile François Loubet, 1899–1906
Armand Fallières, 1906–13
Raymond Poincaré, 1913–20
Paul Eugène Louis Deschanel, 1920
Alexandre Millerand, 1920–24
Gaston Doumergue, 1924–31
Paul Doumer, 1931–32
Albert Lebrun, 1932–40

The Vichy Government

Henri Philippe Pétain, chief of state, 1940–44

The Provisional Government

Charles de Gaulle, president, 1944–46

The Fourth Republic(presidents)

Georges Bidault (provisional), 1946
Vincent Auriol, 1947–54
René Coty, 1954–58

The Fifth Republic(presidents)

Charles de Gaulle, 1958–69
Georges Pompidou, 1969–74
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, 1974–81
François Mitterrand, 1981–95
Jacques Chirac, 1995–2007
Nicolas Sarkozy, 2007–12
Franćois Hollande, 2012–

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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