Rulers of Spain since 1474

Rulers of Spain since 1474(including dates of reign)

Union of Castile and Aragón

Isabella I (of Castile), ruled jointly with Ferdinand II (of Aragón), 1474–1504
Ferdinand II, ruled jointly with Isabella I as Ferdinand V of Castile, 1474–1504; ruled Aragón only, 1504–16; ruled Castile as regent, 1506–16

Hapsburg Dynasty

Joanna (the Mad), daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella; ruled Castile only (jointly with Philip I in 1506), 1504–6
Philip I (the Handsome), son of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I; ruled Castile jointly with Joanna, 1506
Charles I (Holy Roman Emperor Charles V), son of Joanna and Philip, 1516–56
Philip II, son of Charles I, 1556–98
Philip III, son of Philip II, 1598–1621
Philip IV, son of Philip III, 1621–65
Charles II, son of Philip IV, 1665–1700

Bourbon Dynasty

Philip V, great-grandson of Philip IV, 1700–1746
Ferdinand VI, son of Philip V, 1746–59
Charles III, younger son of Philip V, 1759–88
Charles IV, second son of Charles III, 1788–1808
Ferdinand VII, son of Charles IV, 1808

French Intrusion

Joseph Bonaparte, 1808–13

Bourbon Restoration

Ferdinand VII, restored, 1813–33
Isabella II, daughter of Ferdinand VII, 1833–68

Elective Monarchy

Francisco Serrano y Domínguez, regent, 1869–70
Amadeus, elected by a constituent assembly, 1870–73

First Republic

Estanislao Figueras, president, 1873
Francisco Pi y Margall, president, 1873
Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso, president, 1873
Emilio Castelar y Ripoll, prime minister, 1873–74

Bourbon Restoration

Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II, 1874–85
Alfonso XIII, son of Alfonso XII, 1886–1931

Second Republic

Niceta Alcalá Zamora, president, 1931–36
Manuel Azaña, president, 1936–39

Nationalist Government

Francisco Franco, chief of state, 1939–75

Constitutional Monarchy

Juan Carlos I, grandson of Alfonso XIII, 1975–

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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