Aksakov, Konstantin Sergeyevich (kənstənˌtēnˈ sergyāˈəvĭch äksäˈkôf) [key], 1817–60, Russian critic and writer, son of Sergei Timofeyevich Aksakov. Like his brother Ivan, he was an ardent Slavophile and strongly idealized the village community as a voluntary association. His literary criticism was devoted mainly to urging writers to seek closer ties with the Orthodox religion and with the peasantry. He wrote O vnutrennem sostoyanii Rossii [on the internal situation of Russia] in 1855.
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