Aksakov, Sergei Timofeyevich (sergyāˈ tēˌmōfāˈəvĭch äksäˈkôf) [key], 1791–1859, Russian writer, known for his nostalgic descriptions of the Orenburg region. Aksakov's chief work is Family Chronicle (1856, tr. 1924), a partly fictionalized picture of country life in the days of serfdom. His Years of Childhood (1856, tr. 1960), which vividly describes his joyous youth, is one of the finest of Russian literary memoirs.
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