Alcamenes (ălˌkəmēˈnēz) [key], fl. 5th cent. B.C., Athenian sculptor, said to have been a pupil and rival of Phidias. He worked in gold, ivory, and bronze. His Aphrodite of the Gardens at Athens was one of the first sculptures to display the body in detail beneath drapery. Pausanias erroneously attributed to him the sculptures of the west pediment of the temple of Zeus at Olympia. He was also well known for his Hermes Propylaios [Hermes of the gateway] at the entrance of the Acropolis of Athens. A Roman copy found at Pergamum is in the Turkish Museum of Antiquities in İstanbul.
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