Alcuin (ălˈkwĭn) [key] or Albinus ălbĪˈnəs, 735?–804, English churchman and educator. He was educated at the cathedral school of York by a disciple of Bede; he became principal in 766. Charlemagne invited him (781?) to court at Aachen to set up a school. For 15 years Alcuin was the moving spirit of the Carolingian renaissance. He combated illiteracy with a system of elementary education. On a higher level he established the study of the seven liberal arts, the trivium and quadrivium, which became the curriculum for medieval Western Europe. He encouraged the study and preservation of ancient texts. His dialogue textbook of rhetoric, called Compendia, was widely used. He wrote verse, and his letters were preserved. Alcuin's treatise against Felix of Urgel did much to defeat the heresy of adoptionism. He died as head of the abbey of St. Martin of Tours, where he had one of his most famous schools.

See studies by E. J. B. Gaskoin (1904), E. Duckett (1951, repr. 1965), and G. Ellard (1956).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Alcuin from Fact Monster:

  • Albinus - Albinus Albinus : see Alcuin.
  • Rabanus Maurus Magnentius - Rabanus Maurus Magnentius Rabanus Maurus Magnentius , c.780–856, German scholar and ...
  • adoptionism - adoptionism adoptionism, Christian heresy taught in Spain after 782 by Elipandus, archbishop of ...
  • Charles Brockden Brown - Brown, Charles Brockden Brown, Charles Brockden, 1771–1810, American novelist and editor, b. ...
  • Tours - Tours Tours , city (1990 pop. 133,403), capital of Indre-et-Loire dept., W central France, in ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches: General Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe