Robert Anderson

Anderson, Robert, 1805–71, American army officer, defender of Fort Sumter, b. near Louisville, Ky., grad. West Point, 1825. He fought in the Black Hawk, Seminole, and Mexican wars and was promoted to major in 1857. In Nov., 1860, he took command of the U.S. force in the harbor of Charleston, S.C., where he distinguished himself in the Fort Sumter controversy. Anderson, made a brigadier general in the regular army (May, 1861), commanded the Dept. of Kentucky (June–Oct.). He retired from active service in Oct., 1863. In Feb., 1865, he was brevetted major general for his gallant service in the defense of Fort Sumter.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Robert Anderson from Fact Monster:

  • Edwin Robert Anderson Seligman - Seligman, Edwin Robert Anderson Seligman, Edwin Robert Anderson , 1861–1939, American ...
  • William Robert ANDERSON - ANDERSON, William Robert (1921—) ANDERSON, William Robert, a Representative from Tennessee; ...
  • John Buchanan Floyd - Floyd, John Buchanan Floyd, John Buchanan, 1807–63, U.S. Secretary of War (1857–60) and ...
  • Fort Sumter - Fort Sumter Fort Sumter, fortification, built 1829–60, on a shoal at the entrance to the ...
  • James Buchanan: Presidency - Presidency Buchanan was nominated as a Democratic candidate for the presidency in 1856, with John ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. History: Biographies