Andrade, Mário de (ändräˈthā) [key], 1893–1945, Brazilian author. Through his fiction, poetry, and wide-ranging essays, Andrade became a leading representative of Brazilian modernismo. Macunaíma (1928, tr. 1984), his most important novel, is marked by colloquial and innovative language and anticipates the rise of magical realism in Latin American literature. Andrade's work shows the influence of Freud and surrealism. At the same time he stressed the need for Brazilian writers to draw on their own national heritage.
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