Carl Andre

Andre, Carl (änˈdrā) [key], 1935–, American sculptor, b. Quincy, Mass. A student of Patrick Morgan and associate of Frank Stella, Andre produces sculptures of elemental form. His works and materials—granite blocks and other cut or natural stone, bricks, raw wooden timbers, and steel plates—reflect the quarries, shipyards, and islands of his birthplace and his years spent as a freight-train brakeman. One of the founders of minimalism) in sculpture, he is famous for his grid-based floor pieces and for his large outdoor works. A typical early work is Lever (1966), in which fire bricks were arranged to extend laterally 400 feet (122 m) from a gallery wall. A representative late outdoor piece is the gravel and steel Chinati Thirteener (2010), one of the minimalist installations at Marfa, Tex. Andre is also known for his "concrete poetry." In 1988 he was acquitted of pushing his wife, land art sculptor Ana Mendiata, to her death from their 34th-floor apartment.

See his 12 Dialogs (1980); study by A. Rider (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Carl Andre from Fact Monster:

  • Vanloo - Vanloo Vanloo , family of French painters of Dutch origin. Jacob or Jacques Vanloo,. 1614–70, ...
  • minimalism: Minimalism in the Visual Arts - Minimalism in the Visual Arts Reacting against the formal excesses and raw emotionalism of abstract ...
  • contemporary art - contemporary art contemporary art, the art of the late 20th cent. and early 21st cent., both an ...
  • American art: The Twentieth Century - The Twentieth Century Among early 20th-century American sculptors Paul Bartlett, Karl Bitter, ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: American and Canadian Art: Biographies