Anquetil-Duperron, Abraham Hyacinthe (äbrä-ämˈyäsăNtˈ äNkətēlˈ düpĕrôNˈ) [key], 1731–1805, French Orientalist. He gave up studying for the priesthood to pursue his deep interest in Eastern languages. In India (1755–61) he learned Persian, Sanskrit, Zend, Avestan, and Pahlavi. After studying with the Parsis, he was forced to return to France as a result of the British conquests in India. He took with him 180 manuscripts, which he gave to the Royal Library. His three-volume translation of the Zend-Avesta (1771) introduced Zoroastrian texts to Europe. Anquetil-Duperron also translated the Upanishads into Latin (1804) and wrote several works on India.
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