Artaxerxes III

Artaxerxes III, d. 338 B.C., king of ancient Persia (358–338 B.C.), son and successor of Artaxerxes II. He was originally named Ochus and is sometimes called Artaxerxes Ochus. He gained the throne by a general massacre of his brother's family, and throughout his reign he continued a policy of terror. An early expedition against Egypt failed (351 B.C.), but he set out again (c.342) and, having destroyed Sidon on his way, reduced Egypt by bloody conquest. He also put down the unruly satraps and centralized and strengthened the empire. One of his ministers, the eunuch Bagoas, finally poisoned the king, put Artaxerxes' son Arses on the throne in 338, then deposed him in 336 in favor of Darius III.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Artaxerxes III from Fact Monster:

  • Achaemenids - Achaemenids Achaemenids , dynasty of ancient Persia. They were descended presumably from one ...
  • Darius III - Darius III Darius III (Darius Codomannus), d. 330 B.C., king of ancient Persia (336–330 ...
  • Artaxerxes II - Artaxerxes II Artaxerxes II, d. 358 B.C., king of ancient Persia (404–358 B.C.), son and ...
  • Ancient Persia: Kings - Ancient Persia: Kings Cambyses, two kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia (c. 600–500 ...
  • Encyclopedia: Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Ancient History, Middle East: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe