Bahadur Shah II (bähäˈdŏr shä) [key], 1775–1862, last Mughal emperor of India (1837–57). A political figurehead, he was completely controlled by the British East India Company, who found it convenient to maintain the fiction of Mughal rule. He was an old man of 82 at the time of the Indian Mutiny (1857–58) but, implicated by a rebel proclamation, he was convicted of complicity and exiled to Rangoon for life.
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