Bailey, Gamaliel, 1807–59, American abolitionist editor, b. Mt. Holly, N.J. In 1837 he succeeded James Birney as editor and publisher of the Philanthropist at Cincinnati. Three times his office was attacked by proslavery mobs, and once the entire establishment was destroyed. From 1847 until his death Bailey ably edited the influential National Era, an abolitionist weekly published in Washington, D.C. Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin first appeared in that journal.