Barclay, John, 1734–98, minister of the Church of Scotland and founder of the Bereans or Barclayites. His Without Faith, without God (1769) and other works were unacceptable to his presbytery, and he was prohibited from preaching. His adherents united in independent congregations, and Barclay became minister of the one at Edinburgh. Later he organized a Berean congregation in London.
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