Barnard, Edward Emerson, 1857–1923, American astronomer, b. Nashville, Tenn., grad. Vanderbilt Univ., 1887. From 1887 to 1895 he was astronomer at Lick Observatory in California, and from 1895 he was professor of practical astronomy at the Univ. of Chicago and astronomer at Yerkes Observatory. The discoverer of 16 comets, Jupiter's fifth satellite (1892), and Barnard's star (1916), he was given distinguished recognition by the Academy of Sciences of France and the Royal Astronomical Society of Great Britain. His photographs of comets, planets, nebulae, and the Milky Way are notable contributions to astronomy.
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