Barthélemy, Auguste Marseille (ōgüstˈ märsāˈyə bärtālmēˈ) [key], 1796–1867, French poet. With his friend Joseph Méry he wrote several brilliant and popular political satires, including La Villéliade (1827), Napoléon en Égypte (1828), and Le Fils de l'homme (1829), a poem on Napoleon II, for which Barthélemy was briefly imprisoned. A political chameleon, he celebrated the Revolution of 1830 in L'Insurrection, only to attack the July Monarchy in his short-lived (1831–32) journal Némésis.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.