Bax, Ernest Belfort, 1854–1926, English socialist philosopher. He studied music and philosophy in Germany. In England, influenced by Marxist and other radical thought, he became active in socialist groups, especially the Social Democratic Federation. He left this to help found (1885), with William Morris, the Socialist League, but returned when the League veered toward anarchism. With Morris he wrote Socialism: Its Growth and Outcome (1893). His other writings include The Problem of Reality (1893, rev. ed. 1914), The Fraud of Feminism (1913), and The Real, the Rational, and the Alogical (1920).
See his autobiography (1918).
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