Bayard, James Asheton (bĪˈərd) [key], 1767–1815, U.S. Representative (1797–1803) and Senator (1805–13) from Delaware, b. Philadelphia. Admitted to the bar in 1787, he began practice at Wilmington, Del. Bayard, a prominent Federalist, played a leading part in securing Thomas Jefferson's election as President over Aaron Burr in 1801. Of an independent mind, he, unlike other Federalists, supported the Nonimportation Act of 1806 and the War of 1812, although he had used all his influence to prevent hostilities. In 1814 he served on the commission that negotiated the Treaty of Ghent (see Ghent, Treaty of) ending the War of 1812. His papers were edited (1915, repr. 1970) by Elizabeth Donnan.
See M. Borden, The Federalism of James A. Bayard (1954).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.