Bent, James Theodore, 1853–97, English explorer and archaeologist. He engaged in archaeological research on the coast of Asia Minor (1888–89) and in Bahrain (1889), Cilicia Trachia (1890), Mashonaland (now in Zimbabwe; 1891), Ethiopia (1893), and the Arabian peninsula (1893–97), where he mapped the Hadramaut region. He wrote The Ruined Cities of Mashonaland (1892), The Sacred City of the Ethiopians (1893), and Southern Arabia (1900).
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