Berlage, Hendrik Petrus (hĕnˈdrək pāˈtrüs berläˈgə) [key], 1856–1934, Dutch architect. In both his writings and architectural practice, Berlage advocated a return to simplicity of form and clarity of structure. In his Amsterdam Stock Exchange (1898–1903) and the Diamond Workers' Union Bldg. (Amsterdam, 1899–1900), he introduced a flat wall surface within a Romanesque framework suggestive of the works of H. H. Richardson. Berlage took part in city planning projects for the Hague (1908) and Amsterdam (1915). His publications, e.g., Gedanken über den Stil in der Baukunst (1905), won his ideas great favor with the rising generation of modern architects, including the Amsterdam school and the architects of de Stijl.
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