Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar

Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar (săksˈ–wĪˈmär, zäksˈə-vĪˈmär) [key], 1604–39, Protestant general in the Thirty Years War, duke of Weimar. Under Ernst von Mansfeld and the margrave of Baden, Bernhard fought against the imperial forces in defense (1622) of the Palatinate. He served in the Netherlands and later allied himself (1631) with King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, after whose death at Lützen (1632) he took command. In 1633, Bernhard became joint commander of the army of the Heilbronn Confederation, created under Swedish auspices. The Swedish government also granted him the newly created duchy of Franconia, formed out of the captured German bishoprics of Würzburg and Bamberg. His capture of Regensburg (1633) made him the hero of the Protestants. In 1634 he suffered a crushing defeat by the imperial army at Nördlingen and soon afterward lost Franconia. Bernhard and his army were taken into French pay in 1635. Victories at Breisgau and Breisach (1638) brought him control over Alsace and the Upper Rhine. He died suddenly of a fever.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar from Fact Monster:

  • Rheinfelden - Rheinfelden Rheinfelden , town, Aargau canton, N Switzerland, on the Rhine River, opposite the ...
  • Guébriant, Jean Baptiste Budes, comte de - Guébriant, Jean Baptiste Budes, comte de Guébriant, Jean Baptiste Budes, comte de , ...
  • Breisach - Breisach Breisach , town (1994 pop. 11,680), Baden-Württemberg, SW Germany, on the Rhine ...
  • Rohan, Henri, duc de - Rohan, Henri, duc de Rohan, Henri, duc de , 1579–1638, French Protestant general; son-in-law ...
  • Gallas, Matthias, Graf von - Gallas, Matthias, Graf von Gallas, Matthias, Graf von , 1584–1647, imperial general in the ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: German History: Biographies