Bishop, John Michael, 1936–, American biologist, b. York, Penn., M.D. Harvard, 1962. He worked (1964–68) as a researcher at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md., before joining the faculty of the Univ. of California at San Francisco, where he has been chancellor since 1998. Bishop and his colleague Harold E. Varmus discovered the cellular origin of retroviral oncogenes, for which they were awarded the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
See his memoir, How to Win the Nobel Prize: An Unexpected Life in Science (2003).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.