Bonington, Richard Parkes (bŏnˈĭngtən) [key], 1802–28, English painter. Moving to Calais at the age of 15, his first art study was with Louis Francia, who taught him watercolor and lithography. Bonington studied in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts and in 1820 entered the studio of Gros. At that time he formed a close friendship with Delacroix, with whom he traveled to England. He won early recognition from the Salon, but died of tuberculosis at a young age. Best known for his sparkling watercolors painted rapidly, directly from nature, Bonington also brought to his oil painting an immediacy and dexterity unusual in his day. Bonington was the embodiment of the close link between the English landscape painters Constable and Turner and the budding school of French landscape painters. He was a masterly lithographer as well. Represented in the Louvre and in most important British galleries, Bonington's work is best seen in the Wallace Collection, London.
See study by R. P. Dubuisson (tr. 1924).
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