Louis Auguste Bourmont, comte de Ghaisnes de

Bourmont, Louis Auguste, comte de Ghaisnes de (lwē ôgüstˈ kôNt də gân də bōrmôNˈ) [key], 1773–1846, marshal of France. An émigré, he fought against the French Revolution under the prince de Condé, in the Vendée, and as a leader of the Chouans. Imprisoned in 1800, he escaped (1804) to Portugal, but in 1807 he was reconciled to Napoleon, whom he served in several campaigns. In the Hundred Days he deserted to the Prussians on the eve of Waterloo and joined the Bourbon standard. King Charles X made him minister of war (1829) and marshal (1830). He was successfully leading an army to Algeria when the revolution of 1830 made him an exile. In 1832 he aided Caroline de Berry in her feeble insurrection; in 1840 he returned to France under an amnesty.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: French History: Biographies