Boyer, Paul Delos, 1918–, American biochemist, b. Provo, Utah, Ph.D. Univ. of Wisconsin–Madison, 1943. Boyer taught at the Univ. of Minnesota, first in Saint Paul (1946–56) and then in Minneapolis (1956–63). He taught at the Univ. of California, Los Angeles, from 1963 to 1989, becoming emeritus professor in 1990. Boyer received the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with John Walker and Jens Skou; Boyer was cited for elucidating the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Functioning as an energy carrier in all living organisms, ATP is important for all reactions that require energy, including building cell components, contracting muscles, and transmitting nerve messages.
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