Alexandre Brongniart

Brongniart, Alexandre (älĕksäNˈdrə brôNyärˈ) [key], 1770–1847, French geologist, mineralogist, and chemist. As director of the Sèvres porcelain factory from 1800, he was responsible for its international fame. He was professor of mineralogy at the Museum of Natural History in Paris from 1822–47. Brongniart established basic principles of ceramic chemistry in his Traité des arts céramiques et des poteries (1844). With George Cuvier he wrote Essai sur la geographie mineralogique des environs de Paris (1811), in which a system of stratigraphy was developed that relied on the use of fossils for the precise dating of strata. He was also the first to develop a systematic study of trilobites and a system for the classification of reptiles.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Alexandre Brongniart from Fact Monster:

  • Adolphe Théodore Brongniart - Brongniart, Adolphe Théodore Brongniart, Adolphe Théodore , 1801–76, French ...
  • Sèvres - Sèvres Sèvres , town (1990 pop. 22,057), Hauts-de-Seine dept., N central France, on ...
  • BIOGRAPHIES - Palaeontology is the science of extinct forms of life. In order to find out about extinct animals and plants, a palaeontologist has to be a naturalist
  • E.guides Dinosaur - In the middle of the 19th century, the first fossil skeletons of some extraordinary creatures were unearthed. These skeletons are of the dinosaurs – p

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Geology and Oceanography: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe