Buchan, John, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir (bŭkˈən, twēdzˈmyōr) [key], 1875–1940, Scottish author and statesman. Included among his works are a history (4 vol., 1921–22) of World War I; biographies of Julius Caesar (1932), Scott (1932), and Cromwell (1934); short stories, essays, and poetry; and adventure novels, including The Thirty-nine Steps (1915), The Path of the King (1921), and Mountain Meadow (1941). Elected to Parliament in 1927, he was appointed governor-general of Canada in 1935 and was raised to the peerage. His tenure in Canada was popular; he promoted good relations with the United States.
See his autobiography, Pilgrim's Way (1940); biographies by J. Smith (1965) and A. Lownie (2004).
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