Busch, Adolf (äˈdôlf bŏsh) [key], 1891–1952, German-Swiss violinist. He studied at the Cologne Conservatory. From 1919 to 1935 he headed outstanding chamber music groups, including the Busch Quartet, one of the greatest of the early 20th cent., and with his brother Hermann Busch, cellist, and his son-in-law Rudolf Serkin, pianist, he played trio recitals. Another brother, Fritz Busch, 1890–1951, was musical director of the opera in Stuttgart (1919–22) and in Dresden (1922–33), afterward conducting in Europe, particularly at the Glyndebourne Festivals in England, and later at the Metropolitan Opera in New York City (1945–50).
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