Cameron, Verney Lovett (kămˈərən) [key], 1844–94, English traveler in Africa. A naval officer, he served (1868) in the British expedition against Ethiopia and assisted in the suppression of the East African slave trade. He was sent (1873) by the Royal Geographical Society to relieve Livingstone but, finding him dead, recovered his papers, explored and mapped Lake Tanganyika, and proceeded to the Atlantic, becoming the first European to cross equatorial Africa. His expedition was recorded in Across Africa (1877). In 1882 he explored the Gold Coast with Sir Richard Burton and was coauthor with him of To the Gold Coast for Gold (1883).
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