Carmagnola, Francesco Bussone da (fränchĕsˈkō bōs-sôˈnā dä kärmänyôˈlä) [key], c.1380?–1432, Italian condottiere. He fought for Filippo Maria Visconti, duke of Milan, in his wars against Florence and Venice but later fell out with Visconti and entered the service of Venice. After 1425 he commanded Florentine and Venetian forces against Milan. His irresolute conduct of the war led the Venetians to suspect treason, and he was tried and executed.
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