Carmona, António Oscar de Fragoso (əntôˈnyō əshkärˈ dĭ frəgôˈsŏ kərmôˈnə) [key], 1869–1951, Portuguese general. One of the leaders of the military coup that overthrew the democratic regime in 1926, Carmona served (1926–28) as head of the provisional government. Elected president in 1928, Carmona won (1935, 1942, 1949) each successive election, but real power in the new dictatorial regime that was gradually established was held after 1928 by António de Oliveira Salazar.
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