Carr, Edward Hallett, 1892–1982, English political scientist and historian. Educated at Cambridge, he was in the diplomatic service until 1936, professor of international relations (1936–47) at University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, and assistant editor for the London Times (1941–46). Carr's writings include biographies of Feodor Dostoyevsky (1931), Karl Marx (1934), and Mikhail Bakunin (1937), as well as important studies on international relations and on the Soviet Union. His major works are a History of Soviet Russia (9 vol., 1950–71) and The Twenty Years Crisis 1919–1939 (1939).
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