James Carroll

Carroll, James, 1854–1907, American bacteriologist and army surgeon, b. Woolwich, England, M.D. Univ. of Maryland, 1891. He went to Canada at 15 and later joined the U.S. army. A member of the Yellow Fever Commission under Walter Reed, he voluntarily submitted to the bite of an infected mosquito, contracted yellow fever, and recovered. This proved the mosquito to be the carrier of the disease. Carroll also proved that the infectious agent is a filterable virus.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on James Carroll from Fact Monster:

  • Arístides Agramonte - Agramonte, Arístides Agramonte, Arístides , 1869–1931, Cuban physician and ...
  • Charles ALBRIGHT - ALBRIGHT, Charles (1830—1880) ALBRIGHT, Charles, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in ...
  • yellow fever - yellow fever yellow fever, acute infectious disease endemic in tropical Africa and many areas of ...
  • Members of Congress: Illinois - Biographies of United States senators and representatives from Illinois

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Medicine: Biographies