Castellani, Sir Aldo (älˈdō käsˌtəläˈnē) [key], 1877–1971, British-Italian bacteriologist, b. Florence, Italy. He demonstrated the cause and mode of transmission of sleeping sickness (with Sir David Bruce and David Nabarro, 1903), discovered the spirochete of yaws (1905), and did other original work in bacteriology and in parasitic diseases of the skin. He also lectured in tropical medicine in London and Ceylon (Sri Lanka), was professor of tropical medicine at Tulane Univ. and at Louisiana State Univ., and founded in Rome the Royal Institute for Tropical Diseases. He was knighted in 1928.
See his autobiography (1960).
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