Edith Cavell

Cavell, Edith (kăvˈəl) [key], 1865–1915, English nurse. When World War I broke out, she was head of the nursing staff of the Berkendael Medical Institute in Brussels. In 1915 she was arrested by the German occupation authorities and pleaded guilty to a charge of harboring and aiding Allied prisoners and assisting some 130 to cross the Dutch frontier. She was shot on Oct. 11, 1915, despite the efforts of Brand Whitlock, U.S. minister to Belgium, to secure a reprieve.

See biography by A. E. Clark-Kennedy (1965).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Edith Cavell from Fact Monster:

  • This Day in History: October 11 - October 11 1779 Polish patriot and American Revolutionary War commander Casimir Pulaski was killed ...
  • Brand Whitlock - Whitlock, Brand Whitlock, Brand, 1869–1934, American author and diplomat, b. Urbana, Ohio. ...
  • James Montgomery BECK - BECK, James Montgomery (1861—1936) BECK, James Montgomery, a Representative from ...
  • December 4 Birthdays: Francisco Franco - December 4 birthdays: Francisco Franco, Dennis Wilson, Tyra Banks, Jay-Z, Lillian Russell, Thomas Carlyle, John Cotton, Jeff Bridges, Edith Cavell, Rainer Maria Rilke

See more Encyclopedia articles on: British and Irish History: Biographies