Cecil, Edgar Algernon Robert, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, 1864–1958, British statesman, known in his earlier life as Lord Robert Cecil; 3d son of the 3d marquess of Salisbury. A Conservative who held several ministerial posts, Cecil gained fame largely through untiring advocacy of internationalism. In 1919 he collaborated with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in drafting the Covenant of the League of Nations. He was created a viscount in 1923 and awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937.
See his autobiography, A Great Experiment (1941).
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