Violeta Barrios de Chamorro

Chamorro, Violeta Barrios de (vēˌəlĕtˈ bârˈyōs ħā chämōˈrō) [key], 1929–, president of Nicaragua (1990–97). Widow of martyred newspaper editor Joaquim Chamorro, she briefly joined the ruling Sandinista junta following the 1979 revolution. Opposed to the direction of the revolution, she resigned and converted the Chamorro family newspaper, La Prensa, into a major opposition organ. She was elected president in an upset victory (1990), becoming the first woman to govern a Central American nation. In office, she instituted a program of national reconciliation, brought an end to the U.S.-backed Contra war, and ended Sandinista control of the military.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Violeta Barrios de Chamorro from Fact Monster:

  • This Day in History: April 25 - April 25 1901 New York became the first state to require license plates on cars. 1915 British, ...
  • Sandinistas - Sandinistas Sandinistas, members of a left-wing Nicaraguan political party, the Sandinist National ...
  • 1990 World History - 1990 World History Lech Walesa (1943– ) Archive Photos Hubble Space Telescope NASA 1990 World ...
  • Nicaragua: History - History Early History through U.S. Occupation The country probably takes its name from Nicarao, the ...
  • Nicaragua - Nicaragua Profile: People, Government and Political Conditions, Economy, U.S.-Nicaraguan Relations

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Nicaragua History: Biographies

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe