Cheyne, Thomas Kelly (chāˈnē) [key], 1841–1915, English cleric and biblical critic, educated at Oxford. While studying at Göttingen, he was influenced by Georg Ewald and gained a view of German biblical criticism little known at the time in England. From 1885 to 1908 he was Oriel professor of the interpretation of Scripture at Oxford. The author of many books of biblical criticism, his most celebrated works were on the Major Prophets and on the Psalms. He also wrote Jewish Religious Life after the Exile (1898) and The Reconciliation of Races and Religions (1914). With J. S. Black, Cheyne edited the Encyclopaedia Biblica (4 vol., 1899–1903).
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