Chishti, Muin ad-Din Hasan (mōēnˈ äd-dĭn häsänˈ chĭshˈtē) [key], 1142–1236, Indian Muslim saint, b. Sistan, Persia. He founded a Sufi mystic order responsible for spreading Islamic teachings in India. After traveling extensively in the Middle East and central Asia he went to Lahore and later settled in Ajmer, India. His splendid mausoleum there is an important center of pilgrimage. The Chishti sect today has a number of sub-orders sharing the core of initiation rites (music, isolation, meditations on the Divine name) and differing in their devotional prayers.
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