Clapham, Sir John Harold (klăpˈəm) [key], 1873–1946, English economic historian. He was lecturer, professor and administrator at Cambridge from 1908 to 1943. Outstanding among his many works on British economic history are An Economic History of Modern Britain (2d ed., 3 vol., 1931–38) and The Bank of England (1944). Other books include The Economic Development of France and Germany, 1815–1914 (4th ed. 1936), a comparative study, and A Concise Economic History of Britain, from the Earliest Times to 1750 (1949), a useful standard survey.
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