Clausel or Clauzel, Bertrand (bĕrträNˈ klōzĕlˈ) [key], 1772–1842, marshal of France. Having served in the French Revolutionary Wars and in the Napoleonic campaigns, particularly in the Peninsular War, he was created count (1813). He joined Napoleon in the Hundred Days (1815) and after the Restoration spent some time in exile in the United States, returning (1820) to France to become a deputy of the opposition. After the July Revolution he was sent to Algeria as commander in chief (1830) and was made marshal (1831). Again commander in chief and governor-general in Algeria (1835–37), he was blamed for French reverses there.
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