Colum, Padraic (päˈdrĭk kŏlˈəm) [key], 1881–1972, Irish-American author, b. Longford, Ireland. He was active in the Irish literary renaissance and helped to found the Abbey Theatre. His verse includes Wild Earth (1907), The Story of Lowry Maen (1937), and Collected Poems (1953). He also wrote children's stories based on Irish folklore. His wife was Mary (Maguire) Colum, 1880?–1957, Irish-American critic, b. Sligo, Ireland. Her autobiography, Life and the Dream (1947), vividly describes various literary circles.
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