Cunningham, Andrew Browne, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope (hĪndˈhōp) [key], 1883–1963, British admiral. A long-seasoned naval officer—he fought in the South African War and World War I—Cunningham was (1939–42) commander in the Mediterranean, which he kept open to the British. He was later naval commander in the expedition against N Africa (1942–43), commander in chief of the Allied naval forces in the Mediterranean (1943), and first sea lord and chief of the naval staff (1943–46). He retired and was created viscount in 1946.
See his memoirs, A Sailor's Odyssey (1951); biography by O. Warner (1967).
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