Dąbrowski, Jan Henryk (yän hĕnˈrĭk dôNbrôfˈskē) [key], 1755–1818, Polish general. He distinguished himself in the insurrection led by Kosciusko in 1794. After its failure he went to France and organized (1797) a Polish legion, which he commanded in Napoleon's Italian campaign. In 1806, Napoleon had him recruit an army in Poland, and he subsequently distinguished himself in Napoleon's campaigns against Prussia, Austria, and Russia. Returning to Poland in 1813, Dąbrowski entered the service of Czar Alexander I and began to organize the new Polish army. He retired in 1816. His name is sometimes spelled Dombrowski.
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